co-here locality node mapping

Co-hereDAO Staking token

version 0.2

The Co-here Foundation will be responsible to manage development, operations (devops) and ecosystem incentives. The foundation will gradually increase the role of Co-hereDAO stakeholders through contribution channels, engagement and liquid democracy with quadratic voting (also “trickle fed” conviction voting).

A two token model

  1. Stable value Local Tokens
    for payments, convertible with collateral reserves.
  2. Co-hereDAO staking tokens
    delegated to locality nodes, convertible with Local Tokens.

Staking rewards

Delegated Co-hereDAO staking tokens will have rights to rewards drawn from collateral conversion fees and collateral withdrawal fees and also voting (liquid & quadratic). Node operators will maintain a minimum node stake and receive an additional reward drawn from network transaction fees. The foundation will determine reward proportions through research, data analysis and stakeholder engagement.

Co-hereDAO staking tokens

When Local Tokens are purchased through new collateral deposits to the global Common Reserve, Local Tokens are issued to the depositor. When a quota of Local Tokens (~8,000) are issued, an additional amount of Local Tokens (~2,000) are issued for development and operations (~1,000) and incentives (~1,000).

These additional Local Tokens will be value matched with a parallel issue of Co-hereDAO staking tokens added to the Common Reserve.

Co-hereDAO staking tokens can be acquired with Local Tokens from the Common Reserve and converted back to Local Tokens via the decentralised locality nodes which each have their own liquidity reserves.

The total supply of Co-here staking tokens will be automatically reduced via buy back and destroy, funded by fees collected from collateral asset withdrawals and partial liquidation when staking tokens are converted to Local Tokens.

Local Token collateral earning and fees

1) lateral transfer transaction fees (example 0.1% ^)
2) asset conversion fees (example 0.3% ^)
3) asset withdrawal fees (example 0.5% ^)
4) asset collateral DeFi earning (ex Dai Savings Rate as CHAI)
Actual earning & fees to be determined with more research & governance.
(^ see dynamic surge pricing for stabilisation & value capture via demand).

Maintaining an 80% ratio of stable assets in the reserve

To maintain a Common collateral reserve with at least 80% held in stable value assets, while the issuance of new staking tokens, which have a variable value, are initially added to the Common collateral reserve to offset the issuance of newly issued budgeted Local Tokens, when the non stable assets in the reserve are approaching the 20% maximum limit, a portion of non stable collateral will be converted to stable reserve tokens. This reduction in non stable collateral will allow new staking tokens to be added to the Common reserve.

Since this process is ongoing, as Local Tokens are issued on demand and destroyed on redemption of reserve, batches of new deposits of non stable collateral may be partially converted, say 60% to stable reserve. Since the Common reserve has a max ratio of 10% staking tokens, a portion of new non stable deposits could also be converted to top up staking tokens in the reserve.

Localised Nodes for staking and conversions

The Co-here Local Token network will be distributed through nodes at the four locality levels: global, national, city / regions and villages.

co-here locality node mapping

The global Common reserve will be setup and managed by the foundation. Other nodes can be setup at the global locality as well. Locality nodes at national, city / regions and villages will be prioritised for seed funding from allocated budgets. In stage 1 there is a budget for seeding locality nodes and seeding their conversion liquidity pools (during stage 1 & 2).

Locality Nodes – DAO community enterprises

Node operators will be considered merchants providing technical and financial services. They can self nominate their operation and service area at a locality but will require proof of registration of appropriate business accreditation for operating in the jurisdiction. Node operators will need to stake and maintain a minimum amount of Co-hereDAO stake tokens and stake Local Tokens in a liquidity reserve for local node conversions.

Delegation of staking tokens & receiving rewards

The Co-here wallet will provide a directory of registered nodes with statistics and the facility to delegate staking tokens and track rewards. Rewards are drawn from fees and distributed as Local Tokens. Stakeholders will be able to withdraw or convert staking tokens and Local tokens in the node locality node liquidity reserve. Stakeholders will be able to stake in the node locality liquidity reserve and collect locality conversion fees.

Staking requirements

Node operators maintain a minimum stake as well as the technical operations. Staking token holders delegate to nodes up to the maximum stake limit. There may be several nodes at each locality. If they grow too large they could split in to two or designate to a higher locality.

Validator node stake with liquidity pool depth

Village node : $10k min – $50k max
City / region node : $40k – $200k
National node : $200k – $1m
Global node : $1m – $5m

Stake Rewards

Stakeholder rewards distributed in Local Tokens to node liquidity reserve.
Example rewards including localisation incentive bonus:
Global node : 3.72% APY (25% of the reward allocation fund)
National node : 3.81% APY (including 2.41% localisation bonus)
City / region node : 3.9% APY (including 2 levels localisation bonus)
Village node : 4.0% APY (including 3 levels localisation bonus)

Limits are placed on stake pool sizes and rewards for each node at each level, between min and max range, to encourage decentralisation, load balancing between nodes + liquidity pools at each level and reduce price speculation.

Four way stake – Stake, Tribute, Sacrifice & 2nd Chance

  • Tiered Delayed rewards for securing the Network Nodes.
  • Tribute stake (converted) to rewards pool for recirculation.
  • Sacrifice (burn) stake to increase stake scarcity.
  • Second chance lottery to incentivise more sacrifice.

Two methods to reduce volatility and speculative trade

  1. Total Staking token supply in dynamic ratio to Total Local Token supply
  2. Staking token to Local Tokens conversions with price stabilisation

See Looking ahead to Stage 4 – localisation as decentralisation

  • Phasing out – additional Staking Token issuance for funding
  • Phasing out – Global Common Reserve Local Token issuance
  • Locality nodes – multi collateral reserves issue Locality Tokens